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whether learners regularly use computers for learning, and teacher and learners’ expertise to use accessibility accommodations • Requirements of the technology, for example, scrolling when the text is larger can take more time and can require additional working memory if all required information is not visible on the screen Such a specification is devoted to describe general learner characteristics, by defining a set of packages that can be used to import data into and extract data from an IMS compliant Learner Informat… As highlighted by Paul & Singh (2014) the goal of digital information centres is to provide greater access to their collections to promote research activities. Construct validity was achieved by ensuring that all the terms used were operationally defined. Exploring switch intention of users ’ reading behaviour. 2, pp. For example, the University of Edinburgh have developed learner-led accredited assessments that … “As learners adjust to a world forever altered by a pandemic, we felt that it was more important than ever that we hear their voices. Complete guide to survey questions with survey examples and sample survey questions that include question types, answer types and good questions for a survey like the Dichotomous Survey Question, Multiple Choice Question, Rank Order Scaling Question, Rating Scale Question, Semantic Differential Scale, Stapel Scale Question, Constant Sum Survey Questions and much more! Web accessibility and ability to use assistive technology on the e-platform minimizes the external threats. •        Self-initiated learning is the most lasting and pervasive. This is an indication that since the library is a key facility in information seeking; the management could consider organizing formal training sessions on assistive technology either at the library or consider recommending such training through a relevant department like that of special education or through the directorate of disability services. If the web content is accessible to learners with visual impairment, then they too are able to access information, acquire knowledge, participate in the knowledge society and enjoy online inclusion.  Byerley and Chambers (2002) tested the accessibility of specific electronic databases with screen reading software and found they were not user-friendly. This is an indication that assistive technology is a useful skill to those that have acquired it and therefore can be specifically very useful in facilitating easy access to electronic information resources. In addition, it would be an eye opener for future researchers in the area of assistive technology and web accessibility for learners with visual impairment. Javier, F., & Calvo, M. (2014). 50, pp. The independent variable was use of adaptive technology. This could be attributed to the students’ background from the primary, secondary level or the parents’ ability to facilitate the training for the students in assistive technology before joining university. They will not be able to access electronic resources which would be a rich bank of worldwide information in all fields of study. Following the journal article by Areej Ahmed there is a critical view represented on the subjectivity of assistive technology. Peer-reviewed paper Accessibility of Apple iPad for partially sighted users : pilot study. New Survey: Learners with Disabilities and COVID-19 School Closures. These are all too common these days, however this could affect the way an adult learner can access learning tools. This is what is referred to as “accessible Web design,” “design for all,” or “universal de­sign.”(Brophy & Craven, 2014). Wednesday, 20th May 2020. For example, they may use speech output predominantly, with Braille output to verify unusual spellings or language. Web survey powered by SurveyMonkey.com. The findings were: both staff and users with visual impairment had average skills in assistive technology on the e-platform; information websites were not accessible by learners with visual impairment; use of assistive technology to access e-resources was challenged and that learners lacked adequate skills in accessing e-resources using AT. The researcher considered it very important to establish whether the assistive technology present in the library was adequate to cater for the information access needs of users with visual impairment. Learners with visual impairment also have similar information needs as the other sighted learners. This could be used as a base in the provision of more assistive technology software and facilities in the library since it proved useful to those who knew how to use. It is therefore important for the university management through the library management to come up with a strategy of ensuring that the students who join the university without these skills benefit, and with a keen eye on improving access to e-resources as well. Inside Higher Ed recently published a news piece about a case pending against Miami Univerity (OH), for having a website and using software that are inaccessible to students with disabilities. There were 80 learners with visual impairment and 5 staff members serving them. How successful is the use of adaptive technology on the e-platform? Enable them to read electronic print centre databases for non-visual users”,  32 ( 2 ), e-resources visual. 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